The village of Civitella del Tronto is always charming. The Spanish fortress that dominates the narrow streets of the town, is on of the largest examples of military engineering.
Civitella del Tronto and its Fortress
A strategic zone needs natural elements to mark it. The river Tronto is one of the symbols of Civitella del Tronto, so important that it appears in the name of the town too.
Rivers are usually border zones: for example Rubicon divided Italy and Gaul, while Tronto divided the Papal States from the Kingdom of Naples.
A border zone has to be protected, fortified, and must be impregnable for enemies who want to conquer it. So, in the second half of the 16th century, the kingdom of King Philip II of Spain started the extension works which led to the construction of the imposing building as we see it today.
The Fortress of Civitella del Tronto
Attack and defence: these were the reasons that led to the construction of the Bourbon Fortress of Civitella del Tronto by Philip II of Spain. 25,000 square metres of surface, secret passages, loopholes, through which arrows may be shot at the enemy, and terraces armed with cannons. The art of war, the theatre of the battle, the strenuous defense. Hydraulic, engineering, and strategic technologies brought back to life thanks to history books and museums.
The Weapons Museum of the Fortress of Civitella del Tronto
Even war becomes archaeology: the weapons and maps used in ancient wars, the soldiers’ armors and all traces of a life devoted to war have been put together in an exhibition that every year attracts thousands of visitors who come to visit the History Museum of Civitella del Tronto. Four halls where the daily life of the Fortress becomes art.
The charm of the Montagna dei Fiori
Just like the surroundings of Civitella del Tronto, the Montagna dei Fiori (Mountain of flowers) is known for the beauty of its panorama, after which the mountain is named, as well as for the archaeological relics thanks to which historians have been able to reconstruct local history. The mountain is 1800 meters high and is so close to the sea that the blue of the sky and that of the sea almost melt together. Among the luxuriant vegetation of its slopes, you will find ancient hermitages and the traces of flocks of sheep that were transferred from one pasture to another during the transhumance.